Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PP), also known as insight oriented, or depth psychology, is the oldest of the modern therapies. PP encourages exploration and discussion of the full range of our emotions. PP helps us to describe and put words to feelings, including contradictory feelings, feelings that are troubling or threatening, and feelings that we may not initially be able to recognise or acknowledge. Psychodynamic therapists work to identify and explore recurring themes and patterns in peoples’ thoughts, feelings, self-concept, relationships, and life experiences. Related to the identification of recurring themes and patterns is the recognition that past experience, especially early experiences of attachment figures, affects our relation to, and experience of, the present. PP places heavy emphasis on peoples’ relationships and interpersonal experiences. Psychodynamic therapists explore early experiences, the relation between past and present, and the ways in which the past tends to “live on” in the present. The focus is not on the past for its own sake, but rather on how the past sheds light on current psychological difficulties. The goal is to help patients free themselves from the bonds of past experience in order to live more fully in the present.
Schema Therapy is an innovative psychotherapy developed to treat personality disorders (particularly Borderline Personality Disorder) and other enduring psychological difficulties such as chronic depression, anxiety and interpersonal problems, which have not improved with other forms of therapy. Schema therapy aims to assist clients to address and modify long-standing unhelpful patterns in thinking, feeling and behaving and seeks to explore the historical origins of these patterns.
ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY (ACT)
ACT is a therapy designed to facilitate acceptance of the things outside of our personal control and commit to actions which enrich and improve our lives. The aim of ACT is to enhance our capacity for a rich, full and meaningful life. ACT does so by teaching psychological skills to effectively manage difficult thoughts and feelings to decrease their level of influence and impact. Additionally, ACT helps to clarify what is most personally meaningful and important to us; knowledge we are then able to use to guide and inspire life enhancing changes.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT)
CBT is a rational and action-oriented therapy approach designed to address emotional difficulties by altering unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviour. CBT aids in the development of skills to manage current symptoms, that can also be applied to future difficulties. It is a present focused therapy that works to explore past styles of thinking and behaviour that have developed over time.
DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOUR THERAPY (DBT)
DBT is an intervention to help clients adjust unhelpful behaviour patterns including deliberate self-harm, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse and unstable relationships. Originally developed to treat Borderline Personality Disorder, DBT is now used for a range of psychological conditions including depression, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders and anxiety. The main aim of DBT is to help people build a life worth living, in addition to developing skills (such as mindfulness and acceptance strategies) in tolerating distressing situations, dealing with painful emotions, and sustaining meaningful relationships.
"I am not what happened to me, I am what I choose to become"
Carl Gustav Jung